How to Construct a Language: Part 3

The Language Family of Nysâerith

Previously we have talked about history of Nysâerith, so I won’t repeat that here.

When the great mages perished, every kingdom and every tribe attempted to safeguard their knowledge of Nysâerith. This resulted in several descendant languages. Today I’ll talk about one such language, which I call Therfanzir. This was spoken by the people of the sunflower valley. These people had bountiful harvest and temperate climate. They had very little use of magical powers.

Therfanzir will be a mixed language and it will have many loanwords from other languages. For the sake of simplicity, I shall only describe the sound changes of Therfanzir here.

Sound Changes in Therfanzir

Compared to Nysâerith, Therfanzir is a much simpler language. It got rid of the long vowels, many of the consonant sounds, and even stress marks. Here is a list of important changes. Many of these rules were influenced by famous sound changes in spoken languages, such as Grimm’s Law and Great Vowel Shift of English.

Vowel Changes
  • Long Vowels: The long vowels are either dipthonged or transformed into a short vowel.
    • a:i > ei, a:e > ɛ, a:>e
    • i: > ai
    • e: > i
    • u: > ou
    • o: > y
  • Short Vowels:
    • ɔ > o
    • last sound i > dropped
Consonant Changes
  • d > t > θ
  • b > p > f
  • ɣ > x > h > drop
  • (stress on ʋ) ˈʋ > w
  • ʃr > rʃ if there is a vowel sound before and after ʃr
  • θr > rθ if there is a vowel sound before and after θr
  • s/os at the end > drop
  • in at the end > m

All stress marks are also dropped.

Therfanzir Word Inventory

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