Let’s have a look at this god-tier math puzzle. Only one out of seven gets it right, and the other six don’t. So, what are the odds for solving it correctly? 1 to 6. Generally, if \(p\) is the probability that someone will get it right, then his/her odds are \(p/(1-p)\).
However, it isn’t necessarily true that \(p=1/7\) for every person because some people are smarter, some have better education and so on. Hence, \(p\) also depends on the person attempting the puzzle. In a Bayesian framework, we capture this dependence with conditional probability.
My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips’ red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damask’d, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks; Continue reading A Week of Poetry: Day 3→
A graph \(G(V, E)\) is called bipartite if its vertices can be divided into two groups \(X\) and \(Y\) such that every edge connects one vertex from \(X\) and one vertex from \(Y\). The graph drawn below is bipartite.
This is a very unusual post for this blog. I hope my regular readers will bear with me.
I love Game of Thrones. I have read the books and the companion novels. I have been following the series for years. I am familiar with most of the fan theories too. Tonight the series finale aired. I didn’t like how the show ended. It felt rushed and very baffling. Continue reading How Game of Thrones Should Have Ended→
Consider a wall that stretches to infinitely in both directions. There is a robot at position \(0\) and a door at position \(p\in\mathbb Z\) along the wall \((p\neq 0)\). The robot would like to get to the door, but it knows neither \(p\), nor the direction to the door. Furthermore, the robot cannot sense or see the door unless it stands right next to it. Give a deterministic algorithm that minimizes the number of steps the robot needs to take to get to the door.
The distribution of primes plays a central role in number theory. The famous mathematician Gauss had conjectured that the number of primes between \(1\) and \(n\) is roughly \(n/\log n\). This estimation gets more and more accurate as \(n\to \infty\). We use \(\pi(n)\) to denote the number of primes between \(1\) and \(n\). So, mathematically, Gauss’s conjecture is equivalent to the claim